Partnerships & Deal Structure

What is a general partner?

In multifamily syndication, the general partner (GP) is an individual or group responsible for
leading and managing the real estate investment deal. The GP is the sponsor or syndicator
of the multifamily investment and plays a crucial role in the entire investment process.
Here are the key responsibilities and roles of the general partner in a multifamily

Deal Sourcing:

  • The GP is responsible for identifying potential multifamily investment opportunities that align with the investment strategy and meet the specified criteria. They conduct market research, perform due diligence on properties, and assess the feasibility of each deal.

Deal Structuring:

  • Once the GP identifies a suitable multifamily property, they negotiate the deal terms with the seller or property owner. This includes determining the purchase price, financing options, and other key aspects of the transaction.

Capital Raising:

  • The GP’s role includes raising the necessary capital to fund the acquisition and operation of the multifamily property. They bring together a group of limited partners (LPs) who passively invest in the deal to provide the majority of the equity required.


  • As the syndicator, the GP creates a private placement offering or syndication for the multifamily investment, outlining the terms, investment structure, and potential returns for the LPs. They present this offering to potential investors to secure their commitments.

Asset Management:

  • The GP oversees the day-to-day management of the multifamily property. This includes working with property managers, maintenance, and ensuring the property operates efficiently. The asset manager is the “orchestra conductor” that keeps everyone working in concert towards achieving the targets.

What is a limited partner?

Partnerships & deal structure

In a multifamily syndication, a limited partner (LP) is an individual or entity that passively invests capital in the real estate deal alongside the general partner (GP). Limited partners play a crucial role in providing the necessary funds to finance the acquisition and operation of the multifamily property.

Key Characteristics and Roles of Limited Partners in a Multifamily Syndication:

  • Passive Investment: Limited partners are passive investors who contribute capital to the multifamily deal without actively participating in the day-to-day management of the property. They rely on the expertise and efforts of the general partner (GP) to handle property operations.

  • Capital Contribution: Limited partners (LPs) play a significant role in funding the acquisition by contributing the majority of the equity required for the multifamily property. Their capital is pooled together with other LPs’ contributions, as well as money from the general partners (GPs) and funds from the lender, to form the total investment amount for the deal.

  • Diversification: Investing as a limited partner in a multifamily syndication allows individuals to diversify their real estate investment portfolio across multiple properties and markets, reducing risk exposure.

  • Risk Sharing: LPs share the potential rewards and risks of the multifamily investment. The success of the investment can result in cash flow distributions and property appreciation, while any challenges or underperformance are shared proportionally among the limited partners.

  • Return on Investment: LPs receive a pro-rata share of the profits generated from the multifamily property. These profits come from rental income, property appreciation, and any proceeds generated upon the sale or refinancing of the property.

  • Limited Liability: Limited partners typically have limited liability, meaning their personal assets are shielded from any legal or financial liabilities related to the multifamily investment. Their liability is generally restricted to the amount they invested.

What is a debt investment?

Partnerships & Deal Structure

An equity investment and a debt investment are two different ways of investing in a business or asset, each with distinct characteristics and implications for investors:

Equity Investment:

  • Definition: An equity investment involves purchasing ownership shares or equity in a company or asset. When an investor makes an equity investment, they become a partial owner of the business or property and have a claim to a portion of its assets and future profits. Equity investors are referred to as shareholders or equity holders.

Key characteristics of an equity investment include:

  • Ownership Stake: Equity investors have a proportional ownership stake in the business or asset based on the percentage of shares they hold. Their ownership entitles them to participate in the company’s decision-making and voting rights during shareholders’ meetings.

  • Potential for Capital Appreciation: Equity investments offer the potential for capital appreciation, meaning that the value of the investment can increase over time if the business or asset performs well.

  • Dividends: In some cases, companies distribute dividends to their shareholders from their profits. However, dividends are not guaranteed, and not all companies pay them.

  • Risk and Return: Equity investments typically carry higher risk compared to debt investments. If the business or asset performs poorly, the value of the equity investment may decrease, and investors may incur losses. On the other hand, successful equity investments can lead to substantial returns.

  • No Fixed Maturity Date: Equity investments do not have a fixed maturity date.

In summary, an equity investment involves owning a portion of a company or asset with the potential for higher returns but also higher risk. On the other hand, a debt investment entails lending money to a borrower in exchange for regular fixed income and a lower risk profile. Investors choose between equity and debt investments based on their risk tolerance, return expectations,

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